Configuring Polycom phones for use with VLAN.
- Polycom phones
Configuring Switch Port in Trunk Mode
If you want to connect the PC to the phone's internal switch, you will have to configure the switch port in trunk mode. The default VLAN should be the data-VLAN. By doing this, the PC will be automatically start in the correct VLAN. The phone will have to be put in its VLAN in another way. This can be done manually, by using CDP/LLDP or by using a DHCP option.
Manually Setting VLAN
If you decide to do set the VLAN manually, you will have to specify the VLAN ID in each phone at first boot. This is strongly discouraged.
Configuring Voice VLAN Using CDP
If your switch supports CDP or LLDP, you could configure the phone to use the correct VLAN with this protocol. You will need to define which VLAN is the voice VLAN on your switch. The switch will discover the type of device and will put it in the correct VLAN. This is the preferred way, but keep in mind that, in case of problems, tracing and debugging is necessary on the switch (which cannot be done by 8x8).
Configuring Voice VLAN Using DHCP Option 144
When booting the phone, enter the menu and verify the following options are set and that these options are factory defaults.
- DHCP Client: Enabled
- DHCP Menu:
- Timeout: 3
- Boot Server: Custom+Opt. 66
- BootSrv Opt: 160
- BootSrv Type: String
- VLAN Disc: Fixed
- VLAN Disc Opt: 129
- Ethernet Menu:
- CDP: Enabled
- VLAN Id:
- VLAN Filtering: Disabled
When VLAN Disc is set to Fixed, the phone will examine DHCP options 128, 144, 157, and 191* (in that order) for a valid DVD string. When set to Custom or Fixed, the value set in VLAN ID Option will be examined for a valid DVD string.
The DVD string in the DHCP option must meet the following conditions to be valid:
- Must start with "VLAN-A=" (case-sensitive)
- The string must be terminated by a ';'
- There must be no white space before the ';'
- For example: The following DVD strings will result in the phone using VLAN 10
CDP must be disabled on the phone and/or switch if your switch supports CDP.
Configuring for Microsoft Windows DHCP Servers
On Microsoft Windows 2003 you will have to define new options.
- Browse to the DHCP configuration window, right-click your server and click Set Predefined Options.
- A new window will open. Click Add.
- Enter a Name for the option and select the Data Type (string, ip address, byte, etc.).
- Repeat these steps to add all necessary options for your installation. When you have defined the options, you can add them in your scope.
- Option 66 was already predefined. Enter the IP address of the sop.
- You will notice that your own defined options are now available to pick from. Configure all necessary options with their appropriate value.
- To be sure, you can deactivate and reactivate the scope to make sure changes are applied.